Systems Theory is the science of all natural systems including aquatic biomes. In contrast to Newtonian science, it is not reductionist, deconstructing and reducing everything into its physical functional sub-components.
Systems Theory explains the complexity, adaptability, and self-sustainability of the “whole”, where the whole system is greater than the sum of its parts.
Reducing something to its constituent parts very seldom gives us much insight into how any natural phenomenon such as a weather system, the human body or an ecology does what it does through “emergence”. For instance, how much does it really help a doctor to know that the human body can ultimately be reduced to:
- 76% oxygen
- 18.5% carbon
- 9.5% hydrogen
- 3.2% nitrogen
- 1.5% calcium
- 1% phosphorus
Systems Theory seeks to understand how this “greater than the sum of its parts” phenomenon comes into being and this cannot be done by serial deletion of the underlying principles and enablers of this very phenomenon.